Agra Tours- The home of three world heritage sites of UNESCO.
Today's Agra was known as Agravan (the border of forest) during the epic era of Mahabharat. According to Archeological chronology we can assume its time 1200 yrs Before Common Era (BCE). Mahabharat (The Great battle), this legendry battle was fought between two cousins, Pandavas(five brothers) and Kaurvas(100 brothers). In this time we come to know the name of Agra as Agravan. Ptolemy gave it the modern name Agra in 2nd century AD/CE. Claudius Ptolemy was a Greco-Egyptian writer of Alexandria, known as mathematician, astronomer and geographer. After the gap of many years, we find that an Indian king Badal Singh (sikarwar rajput king) established a fortress (in1475) at current site of Agra fort.
Then in 1506, King Sikandar Lodi moved his capital from Delhi to Agra and brought the name of Agra on Indian map. In 1526, Babur (Mughal king and the founder of the Mughal Dynasty) defeated Ibrahim Lodi (son of Sikandar Lodi) in the first battle of Panipat. In 1526, the kingdom of the Mughals was established in India and astonished the world by ruling India by one single family for 200 years. The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. It was during the rule of 3rd Mughal Emperor Akbar when Agra refounded as Akbarabād and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under the Badshahs (emperors) Akbar, Jahāngīr and Shāh Jahān. Agra is the perfect example of what happens when the Mughal Empire reach its Zenith.
Agra, the first city in India which had the three world heritage sites of UNESCO namely: Taj Mhahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. In Agra, the visitors can get a chance to admire Taj Mahal, the most visited monument of India. Taj Mahal describe as "Poetry in the white marble" and "an immortal tear drop on the cheek of Earth. Mr. Bill Clinton, the former president of United States of America divide world in two parts. One world who been to the Taj Mahal and another one who did'nt been to the Taj mahal. Agra Fort, one of the most important and biggest Fort in India.
Fatehpur Sikri, a citadel. Entire city population living within the wall of 9 Square KM area along with the nine Giant Entrances. These entrances represents the nine planets of the Universe. The city was claimed as the complete planned city of the Mughals. The city was also descirbes as "Forbidden City of India", "A Ghost City" or "Abandonned City.
Agra has population of 2,25 millions. Literacy rate is 81% higher than the national average of 59.5%.
Three major religions in India –
Hinduism – 85%
Islam – 12.15 %
Jainism – 1.4%
Agra is second most self employed in India tourism contributes to the economy of Agra. Agra is home to Asia's largest spa called Kaya kalp- The Royal spa. Handicrafts are also flourishing industry in Agra.
Fairs and Festivals
1. Taj Mahotsav
2. Historical Ram baraat of India
3. Taj literature festival
4. Kailash fair
5. Bateshwar fair or cattle fair
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